2.3.4 The position is clearer in relation to other property owned by the landlord, over which the tenant has rights. The proper rehabilitation of the other land may be essential to the use and enjoyment of the dilapidated premises. This applies to access options For example, where tenants can only use their apartments through the stairwell. As it is clear that this was only possible to have the possibility of bringing in the tenants, the tenants should have, by the necessary involvement, had foreseen that the landlord would maintain the staircase. A landlord who rents rooms to a tenant and provides a common staircase that the tenant must use is subject to a tacit contractual obligation to maintain access in a reasonably safe condition. Otherwise, the tenant would not have been able to take advantage of the use of the rooms he used. A landlord can also be held responsible for repairing a road that was an essential way to access a rented house on a weekly rent. Under common law, the landlord was not responsible if the premises became unsuitable after the tenant moved in. This rule has often been applied harshly, even for unsuitable conditions caused by a sudden act of God, such as a tornado. Even if the premises collapse, the tenant would be required to pay the rent for the duration of the lease. Today, however, many states have abolished by law the obligation to pay rent when a non-man-made force makes the premises unsuitable.
In addition, most states now impose responsibility for the maintenance of the premises in a safe and livable condition in accordance with the court`s safety, health and housing codes after the tenant`s arrival. Owners are required to comply with national and local security deposit laws. For example, some states set limits for the maximum guarantee that a landlord can charge a tenant for a deposit. There are also specific rules for the retention of the deposit, the return of the deposit and what can be done with the deposit when you sell your property. Owners are required to comply with these laws or they may have legal consequences for non-compliance. The Residential Rent Act (Amendment) 2015 provides for a rental deposit guarantee system in which the RTB would manage and stop deposits for tenants and landlords. These provisions are not yet in force. The landlord in most countries is not required to reduce his losses if the tenant abandons the property and does not pay the rent thereafter. In practice, this means that the landlord should not try to rent the property, but can leave it in place and sue the defaulting tenant on the balance of the rent as soon as it matures.
However, the tenant may inform the landlord that he has abandoned the property or that he is about to abandon it and offer it. If the owner accepts the rebate, the lease will be concluded. Unless the tenancy agreement expressly provides for it, a landlord who accepts the rebate cannot claim the difference between the amount of his tenancy agreement and the new tenant`s tenancy commitment. 2.1 As a general rule, an owner who does not have an explicit duty of redress has only one obligation (if it exists) that is required by law, but this obligation is subject to limited exceptions.